Port Blair history dates back to 2200 years. Port Blair was earlier inhabited by the tribes of the islands. These tribes were scattered throughout the islands. The Andamanese tribe earlier resided in Port Blair and with the advent of time and after the colonization of the British, these tribes were pushed back in the islands. Port Blair was not the capital of Andaman earlier. An island near Port Blair, Ross Island was the main island through which the British governed the entire islands. Today, this island near Port Blair can be visited to know about the historical evidence of those times.
The famous Battle of Aberdeen took place in Port Blair that was fought between the native Andamanese and the British. The islands were captured by the Marathas and the Cholas for a while before the British took control over the islands and exercised their rule on the islands until independence. The Japanese too has occupied the island forcefully during World War II and moved out later.
Post-independence in 1947 the beautiful islands were formed into a union territory of India and Port Blair was made the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands of them officially. Slowly people from all over India began settling down in the islands and start living there and the tribal people moved to the remotest areas of the island avoiding the contact of the other people. People from Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, etc, have moved down to the islands. The people on the island live together in peace and harmony without any discrimination based on caste, religion or language. The tourism industry in the beautiful has developed well over the years.
Historical Places to Visit in Port Blair
The top historical places to visit in Port Blair are Cellular Jail, Viper Island, Ross Island (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Island), Rajiv Gandhi Water Sports Complex where the battle of Aberdeen took place, Flag Point where the first Indian flag was hoisted in 1943.
At least a day is required to cover the historical places in Port Blair. Walking tours can be conducted around the Aberdeen Bazaar are to know about the rich history of Port Blair and various structures that were built before India's Independence.